Vertical gardens have become the new trend to integrate plants and flowers in the home. Its advantages are striking: a decoration of great beauty and naturalness , plants that purify the air, a greater feeling of contact with nature, a fresh touch in the house and low economic cost. With a vertical garden we will be developing new living beings and giving rise to a greener domestic life. As they are vertical, they also save space, highly recommended for small homes.
There are many ways and styles to grow and care for such green walls. You can opt for a more rustic style, simple styles, or even go for a more modern decoration, through gardens with a minimalist or miniature touch.
Vertical gardens can be located both in gardens or terraces and inside the house. It is necessary to decide what the irrigation system will be, the type of plants you are going to choose, the fertilizer they need and make sure that the chosen place has enough light.
- Your garden in a frame
- Pots attached to the walls
- With systems designed for this purpose
- A garden or vegetable garden from a pallet
- Original Designs
- What plants to use for vertical gardens
Your garden in a frame
This way of doing the vertical garden aims to integrate nature and design in a single piece. It involves planting vegetables on a wooden frame and fixing it to the wall. To do this, a sheet of wood with nails will be fastened to the back of the box and, to the front, a wire mesh until the whole is like a box. Then, still horizontal, the soil is spread and the chosen plants are introduced. It is important that they are well attached, firm and close to each other to prevent their detachment. For the watering process it will have to be taken down, although it is preferable to choose plants that do not need water too often. This decoration, for many, provides more color to the home than an ordinary drawing or painting. In addition to being one more solutionnatural and ecological.
Pots attached to the walls
This type of vertical composition reinvents the leading role of those empty facades. It is very simple, since it proposes to hang pots of the same size on the walls; in rows, but playing with the heights. It is necessary to buy flower pot holders with special hooks to fix them to the wall – thus, when watering them, you only have to remove the pot. As a suggestion, it would be a good idea to play with various color palettes in the planters, as well as grow plants or flowers of different shades and textures. Dare to alternate yellow and blue, or create a combination of different textures of the leaves: waxy, shiny, spiny, velvety … The result will be a very fresh design that breaks with the horizontal .
With systems designed for this purpose
If you don’t want to experiment with handmade vertical gardens , there are modular systems created for this purpose in special stores. They are usually plastic sets with individual supports for each pot or plant. Some include integrated irrigation systems. This is a simpler method, but allows a lower dose of customization.
A garden or vegetable garden from a pallet
The pallet is perhaps the cheapest and most rustic, although more recommended for patios and gardens than for interiors. The pallet must be filed, polished, painted and varnished (or lined) beforehand for a more aesthetic result. Put a sturdy waterproof cloth on its back and fill it generously with compost. Next, insert the plants into the free spaces on the pallet and water. After a few days of rest, it can be hung horizontally. It is also a good idea to create our own mini-garden. A similar version for a more circular and modern design is to do it over gutters and adhere them to the facades.
There are many other ways to create vertical gardens, playing with symmetry and harmony, or with contrasts. One possible idea is to buy three or four elongated straw or wicker baskets and grow various flowers in them. Then, join them with a rope at both ends and hang them on the ceiling or wall, as if it were a swing.
If you have a small ladder that you no longer use, it will become a perfect support to accommodate plants in stages.
To grow our own aromatic herbs that will give smell and flavor to the stews, we can use a box or support where to insert half lemon peels, which will act as mini pots. Every chef’s dream is to be able to use fresh ingredients instantly extracted from the same plant.
What plants to use for vertical gardens
The options are multiple, but you have to take into account the conditions of the home and the plants. If they are systems whose watering is cumbersome, choose plants that require less water. If a lot of light does not enter our house, flowers that need less sunlight. Therefore, it is very important to adapt the choice of plants to the particular conditions of our house. In addition, a vertical garden does not use the same amount of land as a horizontal one, so it will be necessary to opt for species that use a minimum of compost, for example: orchids, aromatic herbs, begonias, bromeliads, ferns or cacti. For something more exotic, check out flowers like stathiphyllum. For outdoors, hollyhocks, geraniums or even climbing plants.
Don’t forget the aromatics. They will fill your home with a natural, fresh and rustic fragrance that you will not be able to achieve with any air freshener. Grow and use oregano, spearmint, basil, or thyme to cook. If in addition to decorating your apartment you are looking to feed the family, you can plant aubergines, green beans, strawberries, melons, lettuce, chard or arugula.
Use plants and flowers in the interior of the home has been associated with aesthetic and psychological benefits. Green walls or Green Works are going strong, as they help eliminate carbon dioxide, live in a more natural environment and fill the domestic environment with freshness.
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