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Microecosystem and macroecosystem: what they are and examples

The prefix micro- forms words that refer to small and, on the contrary, the prefix macro- forms words with the meaning of big or very big. This concept is also applied in the field of ecosystems, so we can speak of microecosystems and macroecosystems, which refer to two different types of ecosystems classified according to their size.

If you want to know what is a microecosystem and a macroecosystem and examples , continue reading this AgroCorrn article in which you will see a summary of this topic.

You may also be interested in: Ecological systems: what they are and examples
  1. What is a microecosystem
  2. Examples of microecosystem
  3. What is a macrosystem
  4. Examples of macroecosystems

What is a microecosystem

A microecosystem is one that develops in very small or very reduced spaces , that is, the territory where the interactions between biotope (geographical space characterized by certain environmental conditions) and biocenosis (organisms, animals and plants that inhabit the biotope occur) ) is barely a few centimeters. That is why the elements that are part of them, in general, are small to microscopic, and for their existence to be possible, specific conditions must be met.

Microecosystems change rapidly over time due to their size. In addition, in areas where extreme conditions occur, microecosystems can also form, since only some living beings are capable of living under these conditions.

Examples of microecosystem

Next, we will show some examples of the microecosystems that can be found on the planet:

  • Near some volcanoes, there are sulphurous waters inhabited by bacteria. This microecosystem is unique in that it occurs under extreme conditions, and the bacteria that inhabit these waters can only develop and exist under such conditions.
  • The bark that is part of the trees that are in a riparian zone is also a microecosystem. In this moisture-delimited microecosystem, very small organisms such as liverworts, mosses, fungi and lichens can be identified.
  • A fish tank , although it would be an artificial microecosystem, would also be considered a microecosystem since it is a small space and the variability of species that can be found in them is small.
  • Micro-organism cultures performed in Petri dishes are also considered microecosystems. The Petri dishes contain a culture medium, which is usually made up of nutrients and agar, so that the development of the microorganisms is possible, in addition, these plates must be placed in an incubator so that they are at a temperature that allows the growth of the microorganisms.

What is a macrosystem

Macroecosystems cover large areas of the Earth’s surface, and a great variety of plant and animal species can be found in them. These large structures cover large geographical areas, and even in some cases occupy different climatic floors, as for example happens in boreal, temperate and tropical forests. Macroecosystems also undergo changes over time as occurs with smaller ecosystems, although these changes do not occur as fast and are found under different climatic conditions that change over time.

Knowing the macrosystems is important, since this way it is possible to know the functioning of the ecological and evolutionary processes, in addition, their conservation is also very important since they are being altered as a result of anthropic activities such as mining, deforestation , agriculture and intensive livestock, among others.

Examples of macroecosystems

Next, we will show some examples of the macroecosystems that can be found on the planet:

  • Forests are macroecosystems, occupying a large part of the earth’s surface. They are so large that they extend over more than one climatic floor, for example, forests can be temperate, tropical and boreal.
  • The oceans occupying approximately 72% of the earth’s surface, it is a macroecosystem in which a great variety of species are found.
  • A jungle is characterized by occupying an extensive territory in subtropical and tropical areas, and containing dense vegetation with great biodiversity in terms of its flora and fauna.
  • The tundra is a macroecosystem considered the coldest on planet earth, characterized by having little vegetation, presenting frozen subsoils and lack of trees. The tundra is located in high latitudes, that is, in the polar areas, mainly in the northern hemisphere. Some of the regions where the tundra exists are Siberia, southern Greenland, Russia, Alaska, northern Canada, among others.
  • The steppe includes a flat and extensive area, where herbaceous vegetation predominates and there is hardly any tree type. Their soils are not very fertile since they hardly present organic matter and contain abundant minerals. The steppe is a cold desert, it is called like that to differentiate it from the hot deserts, where there are very high temperatures.

If you want to learn more about these topics, we recommend this other AgroCorrn article about the types of ecosystems that exist.

If you want to read more articles similar to Microecosystem and macroecosystem: what they are and examples , we recommend that you enter our Ecosystems category .

Maria Anderson

Hello, I am a blogger specialized in environmental, health and scientific dissemination issues in general. The best way to define myself as a blogger is by reading my texts, so I encourage you to do so. Above all, if you are interested in staying up to date and reflecting on these issues, both on a practical and informative level.

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