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Rainforest ecosystem and its characteristics

Did you know that the jungles of the planet store up to 50% of the CO2 that exists in the atmosphere? In this way, the abundant vegetation of the jungle ecosystems helps to avoid atmospheric pollution, playing a really important ecological role. In addition to their vital function as lungs of the planet, the jungles of tropical regions are authentic reserves of biodiversity, both for animals and plants. This fact is due to the magnificent conditions that allow the development of the life of innumerable species, providing them with large amounts of food, as well as water, light and shelter.

Continue reading this AgroCorrn article to learn more about the jungle ecosystem and its characteristics , and you will learn what species of flora and fauna these immense tropical forests are home to.

You may also be interested in: Types of forests and their characteristics

Types of jungle

The jungles flood the different and numerous tropical regions of the planet in which they are located with life and color. To classify them and know the different types of forests that exist , it is important to choose a classification parameter, for example, the type of climate and vegetation they present:

  • Rainforests: characterized by being the rainiest ecosystems on the planet, rainforests have numerous huge trees and climbing plants. In this link you will know the Flora and fauna of the tropical jungle .
  • Low jungles: with vegetation adapted to the presence of numerous river courses, such as rivers and lagoons. Learn more about the lowland jungle, its fauna, flora and more characteristics here.
  • Flood and swamp forests: in which the vegetation shows different adaptations to survive and develop in flooded soils and coexist with other organisms characteristic of these ecosystems (such as amphibians).
  • Monsoon jungles: in them there is a marked rainy season combined with a later very dry season, which is why much of the vegetation that inhabits it has developed periods of latency and / or less activity to survive the dry seasons.
  • Dry forests : as their name suggests, these forests are characterized by extreme drought that live for long periods of time, therefore having numerous species of deciduous trees, which better support and manage the lack of water in the ecosystem. Delve into this topic with this other post about the dry forest, its characteristics, flora and fauna .

Now that we know the different types of jungle that exist, it is useful to also know some examples of the most striking and outstanding forests on the planet, such as the Misionera forests (tropical rainy, located between Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay), jungle Amazon, Peruvian high jungle, low jungle (or the Peruvian region of Omagua, east of the Andes), and the Lacandon jungle (in Mexico, with a great diversity of soils and topographies).

Characteristics of the rainforest ecosystem

The main characteristics of the tropical forest are based on the different physical factors that define it as a tropical forest , and are:

  • High humidity and presence of large cumulus clouds.
  • Warm weather all year round
  • Frequent or intermittent periods of heavy rainfall
  • Clay soils, rich in various nutrients, such as magnesium, calcium and humus.
  • Among the main functions of the forests, the important ecological role they play in maintaining the global temperature of the planet stands out, as well as their action as sinks of C02 and emitters of oxygen, in addition to being natural ecosystems that protect the hydrographic basins in which they are located. located.

Flora of the jungle ecosystem

The flora of the jungle is adapted to the characteristic climatic conditions that these surprising ecosystems present, including humidity and heat. For this reason, the trees and plants that grow in the jungles are characterized by the presence of large leaves to capture large amounts of light and water, as well as different adaptations to disperse their fruits and seeds with the help of the numerous animals of the forest. jungle that deal with it. Some of the most abundant species of vegetation in the jungle ecosystem are:

  • Palm trees (Arecaceae family)
  • Cedars (family Pinnaceae)
  • Lianas
  • Ferns (class Pterophyta)
  • Wild cane ( Gynerium sagittatum )
  • Mahogany (family Meliaceae)
  • Orchids (family Orchidaceae)
  • Durian ( Durio zibethinus )
  • Cocoa ( Theobroma cacao )
  • Elephant ear ( Xanthosoma sagittifolium )

Fauna of the jungle ecosystem

In the jungle there is a rich and varied biodiversity of animal species. Many of them are poisonous species or camouflage specialists, since in an ecosystem with so much life and color, it is essential to have some survival strategy.

Insects, birds, elusive reptiles, moisture-loving amphibians, as well as mammals with different adaptations to the trees from which they obtain their food or after what they hide to hunt their prey, as well as numerous fish that inhabit the extensive rivers and lakes of these wonderful ecosystems. Some of the most outstanding species of animals in the jungles are:

  • Jaguars ( Panthera onca )
  • Capybaras ( Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris )
  • Toucan toco ( Ramphastos toco )
  • Orinoco black caiman ( Melanosuchus niger )
  • Piranhas (Family Serrasalmidae)
  • Poison Arrow Frog ( Phyllobates terribilis )
  • Green Anaconda ( Eunectes murinus)
  • Sloth ( Bradypus tridactylus )
  • Electric eel ( Electrophorus electricus )
  • Blue-yellow Macaw ( Ara ararauna )
  • Green Amazon ( Amazona amazonica )

To expand this information, we recommend that you take a look at this article on What animals live in the rainforest .

Hello, I am a blogger specialized in environmental, health and scientific dissemination issues in general. The best way to define myself as a blogger is by reading my texts, so I encourage you to do so. Above all, if you are interested in staying up to date and reflecting on these issues, both on a practical and informative level.

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