The Asian continent is very extensive, with an approximate area of 44,541,138 km 2, it is the continent with the largest population and extension. Within its territory it is possible to find a great geographic biodiversity, this makes possible the existence of a great variety of climates, landscapes and natural resources.
If you want to know the characteristics of Asia in the natural environment and which are the regions that can be found, continue reading this interesting AgroCorrn article in which the most representative natural regions of Asia will be shown.
The Siberian plains are located in North Asia , exactly within the territories of the Russian Federation. Mainly, its physical environment is characterized by a very cold climate and presents rivers with a large channel such as the Yenisei, Obi and Lena rivers.
In addition, its lands are very productive, making possible the cultivation of wheat, oats, rye, potatoes and sunflowers, also in the southern steppes, goat and sheep farming is carried out. In this region the subsoil is exploited to obtain manganese, chromium, coal, nickel and oil, among other wealth.
The predominant climate in these desert territories is dry, that is, during the summer the heat is very intense and during the winter the climate is very cold . As for the rainfall in this Asian area, they are quite scarce. The scarcity of rain influences the small number of rivers present and the little flow that they contain, such as the Sir Daria and the Amu Daria. In the central deserts of Asia, despite the scarcity of water, there are also crops of millet, wheat, barley and cotton, and there are oil exploitations of the Republics of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan.
To learn more about the desert or desert Ecosystem , we encourage you to read this other post.
Eastern River Plains
The river plains are located in eastern China and Indochina. Its physical environment is characterized by a temperate climate in the South and in the center with the presence of strong summer winds that come from the East (they are called monsoons ) and copious rains. To the north the climate is cold with heavy snowfalls during winter.
The land in the area is very fertile, and the major rivers found are Sungari, Amur, Yellow, Mekong, and Yangtse-Kiang. Barley, wheat, millet and soybean crops are located to the North, South and the center of cultivation. In addition, it has mineral resources such as oil.
Central core of the highlands
It is located mainly in Bhutan and Nepal, but also in a large area of China and border parts of Pakistan, India, Afghanistan and the Republics of Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. The prevailing climate in the low and middle zones is temperate and in the high ones it is cold.
In this territory the highest plateau in the world called Pamir is located , and the Himalayas , being also the highest on the planet, where Mount Everest is located. The crops present in this area are found in the mountains where the rivers flow and the climate is temperate, these are millet, wheat and corn.
Southern river plains
Another of the natural regions of Asia is the area of the southern river plains . They are located mainly in the area of the great plain of Mesopotamia in Iraq, they are characterized by a tropical climate with rains in summer, with very rich soils in nutrients and the Euphrates, Indus, Ganges, Tigris and Brahmaputra rivers pass through them.
In this territory of the Asian continent there are millet, wheat, cotton and rice crops, in addition to being an area where there is a large oil production.
Rainforests of the tropics of Ecuador
They are found in the Indochina and Malacca Peninsulas, on the islands of the Malay Archipelago, in southern India and on the island of Sri Lanka. The climate is hot and humid with abundant rainfall almost all year round in some areas.
Among the vegetation of the tropical forest area, it presents a great variety of wood species, which is why it is used as an economic source. Millet, wheat, rice, soybean, tobacco, and sugar cane crops are common in this region. Malaysia and Indonesia are large producers of rubber and copra. In addition, the region has great wealth that are exploited such as zinc, nickel, bauxite, titanium, oil, iron, chromium and lead.
In this other post you can learn more about the Flora and fauna of tropical forests around the world.
Arid plains of the Southwest
The arid plains of the Southwest are located on the plateaus of central Turkey and Iran and on the Arabian peninsula. The climate of this region is very hot in general throughout the year, less in winter than the climate is extremely cold . Rainfall is scarce and there are arid areas, with the presence of some deserts, and where oases are common.
The crops in the area are olive, citrus, vine and date. In the most desert areas, goat and sheep grazing is practiced. In addition, there are natural resources such as iron, coal, sulfur, potassium, oil, manganese and copper, with oil being the one that provides great economic income, especially in Kuwait and Iran.
Now that you have known the natural regions of Asia , we advise you to also discover the Animals in danger of extinction in Asia to continue discovering more characteristics of this continent.
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