In this article we want to show you which are the best trees to reforest. The species chosen belong to a list of the most recommended for repopulating forests . What makes them special is that they have particularities that offer the terrain protection and a favorable environment for the growth of other plant species. In addition, you should not forget that one of the main maxims of reforestation techniques is to create a safe environment for animals and plants in the shortest possible time and with the greatest guarantees. In fact, for years, trees have been planted to offset CO2 emissions produced by humans to improve air quality and protect our planet’s atmosphere.
Many of the species that we wanted to highlight are well known, especially within the Mediterranean climate, but they are also used in other Latin American countries. Read on and get to know 12 trees to reforest, their names, characteristics and photos .
- White poplar (Populus alba)
- Poplar or black poplar (Populus nigra)
- Encina (Quercus ilex)
- Enebro (Juniperus communis)
- Fresno (Fraxinus angustifolia)
- Olmo (Ulmus minor)
- Stone pine (Pinus pinea)
- Resin pine (Pinus pinaster)
- Quejigo (Quercus faginea)
- Sabina (Juniperus thurifera)
- Sauce (Salix spp.)
- Tamariz (Tamarix gallica/Tamarix africana)
White poplar (Populus alba)
The white poplar ( Populus alba ) is one of the trees typical of the riverside ecosystem and one of the most used when it comes to reforesting or repopulating areas near rivers. Its robust nature and rapid growth make it perfect for creating a safe area in no time. In addition, they can reach 30 meters in height and their white bark is very striking, so they are also used for their ornamental value.
Poplar or black poplar (Populus nigra)
The Populus nigra is also known as poplar or black poplar . It is another of the species typical of the riverside area and used for its height and large conical crown. Its use as a tree for reforestation is common thanks to the strength of its root system, which has a main root that branches deeply, providing stability to the ground.
Encina (Quercus ilex)
The holm oak ( Quercus ilex ) is a tree known for its resistance and strong structure, reaching up to 25 meters in height. It has a wide, highly branched and populated crown. Thanks to it, a small microclimate is created around it that favors the creation of nutrients and which, in turn, offers an optimal medium for the rapid growth of grasses. For this reason, it is one of the most widely used trees for reforestation in Spain.
Enebro (Juniperus communis)
Although it is more common to find this species in its shrubby form, it can also reach 10 meters in height. The juniper ( Juniperus communis ) has a branched drink and umbrella – shaped and, in addition, although it is a kind of very slow growth, is used regularly at work reforestation for its ability to adapt to almost all types of terrain.
Fresno (Fraxinus angustifolia)
The ash ( Fraxinus angustifolia ) is one of the best trees to reforest . This is due to the fact that the ash tree has a wide foliage with compound-type leaves with up to more than 13 leaflets. These serve as food for livestock. In addition, it has a strong root system that offers protection to the ground. Finally, the shade offered by its crown creates a perfect environment for other shrub and herbaceous species.
Olmo (Ulmus minor)
Another of the trees used to repopulate forests or natural areas is the elm ( Ulmus minor ) . Thanks to its height of more than 30 meters and robust bearing, throughout history it has also been used as a protective tree for the structures of churches and convents, improving the terrain of the area and also helping to regulate the climate.
Stone pine (Pinus pinea)
The stone pine ( Pinus pinea ) is between 25 and 30 meters high, has a spherical crown and a cylindrical trunk with hard and resistant bark. Its root system is very powerful, which is why it is used to reforest as a fixing and protective species of the land .
Resin pine (Pinus pinaster)
It differs from the pineapple by its pyramidal and globose glass. In addition, the resin pine ( Pinus pinaster ) is much lower, reaching a maximum height of 20 meters. It was used years ago for its resin, but now it is more used to reforest desert areas , since it also supports all types of terrain well and provides support to the soil.
Quejigo (Quercus faginea)
It is a medium-sized tree that can reach 20 meters in height. Its crown can be rounded or elongated and it has sparse foliage. In addition, its root system is very powerful, since it has many secondary roots from which suckers also sprout, which helps to fix the land and therefore is used for reforestation .
The gall oak ( Quercus faginea ) is a tree that prefers warm climates and limestone soils. It also supports plaster well and even adapts to siliceous soils.
Sabina (Juniperus thurifera)
This medium-sized tree usually measures between 4 and 12 meters in height, although depending on the care they can reach 20 meters. It has a thick, twisted, greyish trunk.
Although juniper ( Juniperus thurifera ) is a slow-growing tree, it is used for its good adaptation in extreme climates . To this is added that its reddish wood is very hard and resistant to rot and insects.
Sauce (Salix spp.)
The willow ( Salix spp. ) Have a wide variety of species . These range from small shrub-like specimens to trees that exceed 20 meters in height. In reforestation, willows are used to stabilize slopes and to protect reforestation of other tree species, such as pines and oaks. As with the gall oak, it is highly valued for its strong radical system.
Tamariz (Tamarix gallica/Tamarix africana)
We finished our selection of trees to reforest forests, fields and riverbanks with the tamarisk (Tamarix gallica / Tamarix africana) . It is one of the species most used to repopulate riverside ecosystems , ravines and wetlands. This one is very recognizable by its tiny white or pink flowers.
To finish, we also recommend you to know this other selection of Trees that produce more oxygen , which are also very good options to reforest a variety of areas. In addition, we advise you to watch the video below about reforestation.
If you want to read more articles similar to Trees to reforest , we recommend that you enter our category of Other environment .
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