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Ecuador’s natural resources

Natural resources are all those elements, energy, materials and services, that nature provides us and that are very valuable to satisfy the needs of society, thus contributing to its well-being and development. In the case of Ecuador, we can say that due to its geographical location it enjoys great natural wealth and that among its natural resources it contains water, forest, soil, fauna and flora, among others. The natural resources of the area are used by Ecuadorians as a source of work and subsistence, which promotes the economy and other social aspects. Some of these resources include bananas, cocoa, tropical fruits, marine species, oil, and tubers.

If you want to know what the main natural resources of Ecuador are , continue reading this interesting AgroCorrn article in which some of the non-renewable resources of Ecuador will be shown, but mainly several of the renewable resources of Ecuador.

You may also be interested in: Natural Resources of Veracruz
  1. Cacao
  2. Roses
  3. Bananas
  4. Tropical fruits
  5. Papas
  6. Yucca
  7. Marine species
  8. Wood
  9. Petroleum


Ecuador, thanks to its wealth of biological resources and its geographical conditions that provide suitable climatic conditions for cocoa cultivation , is one of the countries that lead the production of Arriba Fino and Aroma Cacao.

Two types of cocoa are grown in the country: National Cocoa, which would be the aforementioned “Above”, which is estimated to produce an export of 75%, while the remaining 25% belongs to the production of Cocoa CCN-51 .


Yet another resource that contributes to Ecuador’s economy and the creation of jobs is the production of roses , considered among the best for their thick stems, bright colors, large buttons and for their long life after being cut.

Ecuador exports roses all over the world, having special acceptance in countries such as Italy, Spain, Ukraine, the Netherlands and the United States.


Ecuador is ideal for the cultivation of bananas or plantains , since its climate allows constant production to be maintained throughout the year. Another advantage that makes Ecuador a great exporter of bananas is the short distance and accessible roads from the plantations to the ports.

It is estimated that approximately 6 million tons of bananas are cultivated per year, most of them being exported and therefore banana cultivation becomes a great economic influencer based on a natural resource in the region.

Tropical fruits

In addition to bananas, Ecuador exports up to 20 different types of tropical fruits , including pineapple, mango, papaya, granadilla, orito, passion fruit, soursop and tree tomato.

In this other article you can discover 30 rare tropical fruits .


The potato is an Andean tuber that in Ecuador is used to prepare the most traditional dishes of the country such as soups, baked or locro de papas, among others. The most common potato is the chola, reddish in color and oval in shape. The potato cultivation in Ecuador is widespread and it is estimated that up to 80,000 farmers benefit from this natural resource of the country.

In this other post you can discover the different types of potatoes that exist all over the world.


In Ecuador, cassava is considered essential for food security . This is not only used fresh for human consumption, but also for the animal and is used as a raw material for local industries such as cardboard, textile or balanced, in addition to being exported.

Cassava has been cultivated for centuries by the indigenous people who inhabit this part of the Amazon and also by the farmers of the lower valleys of the Sierra and the Coast, having great economic and social repercussions . We are facing a plant that tolerates a variety of pests and droughts very well, grown in areas near the coast.

Marine species

Among the natural resources of the Ecuadorian coast , in addition to the Yucca crops, there is also a large number and variety of marine species . Fishing for marine shrimp and tuna is especially important, as well as fishing or capturing smaller species, such as round sardines, mackerel, chuhueco, horse mackerel or southern sardines, for consumption in the country itself and in other countries. , for which they promote the economy of Ecuador both for their internal sale and for their export.

In addition, marine species also contribute to stimulate tourism in the area, as they are yet another attraction among Ecuador’s natural resources . However, it is important to promote sustainable tourism or ecotourism .


Another of Ecuador’s natural resources is wood. In this country there are large forest plantations for the industry and the forest economy, providing raw materials such as wood , used for the production of wood pulp, props, logs, for semi-finished products such as plywood, chipboards and boards, or also for products with greater elaboration such as doors, furniture, windows, among others.

Despite the fact that the production of wood is an important economic source for the country, the deforestation suffered by the great demand for wood is causing a degenerative process to take place in the area.


Since the 1970s , oil has been a non-renewable natural resource of special interest in the Ecuadorian economy, thus becoming dependent on the hydrocarbon resource. Its main areas of exploitation are the provinces of Pastaza, Morona Santiago, Sucumbíos and Napo belonging to the Amazon. The exploitation of oil has caused great environmental and social impacts that are also large. It should be added that Ecuador’s oil production, according to the Agency for the Regulation and Control of Energy and Non-Renewable Natural Resources, fell 13.3% between January and August compared to the same period last year.

Now that you have learned about all these natural resources of Ecuador , we recommend you learn much more about this topic with these other AgroCorrn articles:

If you want to read more articles similar to Natural Resources of Ecuador , we recommend that you enter our category of Other Environment .

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Hello, I am a blogger specialized in environmental, health and scientific dissemination issues in general. The best way to define myself as a blogger is by reading my texts, so I encourage you to do so. Above all, if you are interested in staying up to date and reflecting on these issues, both on a practical and informative level.

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