To a greater or lesser extent, most of the materials used to produce products undergo an interaction with the different types of environmental phenomena that exist. These interactions cause the characteristics of the materials to undergo modifications and their properties deteriorate. This means that there is a degradation of the products that are manufactured with said materials.
This AgroCorrn article will talk about the decomposition of metal in the environment and also the degradation time of waste. So, if you want to know how long it takes for metal to decompose, learn about metal contamination and discover which products take the longest to degrade and which ones take the least time, continue reading this interesting article about how long it takes to degrade metal and more related details.
How long does it take for metal to degrade
The degradation time of metals is related both to the amount of material they have and its thickness and also with the environmental conditions in which the metal is found.
On the one hand, for example, those finer metal materials, which are normally used for cans, cans, bottles or aerosols, take approximately 30 years to degrade. On the other hand, if you wonder how long it takes for steel to degrade , take note that it can be up to 100 years .
However, the corrosion and degradation of thicker metal, normally used in construction, such as concrete rods or iron beams, have a decomposition time that ranges between 200 and 500 years .
Impact of metal on the environment
Mining and industrial activities release large amounts of toxic metals into the environment , such as mercury, cadmium, arsenic, chromium or lead, which are harmful to human health and, in general, to all forms of life. In addition, these end up contaminating the bodies of water, the ground and the atmosphere, since many of them end up suspended in the air because they have been subjected to combustion processes.
However, they are not the only metals that are a danger to the environment , those that are used in construction, in the production of machinery, automobiles, cans, among other products, are also so. If once the useful life of these products ends they are not well managed, that is, if they are not deposited at a recycling point, they will end up in the natural environment and due to their degradation, finally, they become a danger to the environment. environment and its biodiversity.
We recommend you read this other article on Heavy Metal Pollution in Water .
Why it is important to reuse and recycle metal
With the reuse and recycling of metals contributes significantly to not worsen the present pollution situation that exists worldwide. Recycling and reusing reduces the pollution of the air, soil, and water bodies and also considerably reduces the generation of waste.
In addition, recycling processes require less electrical energy than those processes that are developed to produce from virgin materials, so it would also be saving energy by recycling and reusing the metal.
In this other post you can learn more about the Importance of metal recycling .
How to recycle metal
Among the metals that can be recycled, aluminum and steel are the most common, although there are also other metals that can be recycled , such as copper, bronze, brass, gold, silver and lead, among others. .
On the one hand, steel is one of the metals that has been used since ancient times and that can be recycled. For the recycling of steel , large blocks are formed to make it easier to handle, later pressure is exerted on the blocks to cut them into smaller pieces, and separated from other metals. Once we obtain only the steel, it is melted in furnaces and the melted steel is poured into blocks to form ingots or plates that will later be rolled into sheets to be used in other products.
On the other hand, aluminum is 100% recyclable and objects formed with this material (in general cans), once discarded, are crushed to crumble them and are melted and later molded into ingots. These ingots are passed through rollers to produce thin aluminum sheets, and in this way you are ready for the manufacture of new products. In this other article we talk about How to recycle aluminum .
Although almost all metals can be recycled, there are also those that cannot, such as those used in toxic products, pipes, hangers and paints, among others.
How long it takes for materials to degrade
Here’s how long it takes for materials to degrade :
- Paper or cardboard : the degradation time of the paper is 1 year.
- Aluminum – The aluminum used for cans takes up to 10 years to decompose.
- Tetrabrik: containers produced with this material take up to 30 years to degrade.
- Plastic bags: take between 150 and 300 years to degrade.
- Batteries : Batteries can take between 500 and 1000 years to degrade.
- PET Plastic : Typically used for plastic bottles, it takes up to 1,000 years to degrade.
- Glass : it is one of the materials that takes the longest time to degrade, for example, a glass bottle takes about 4,000 years to degrade.
In this list you have been able to see some of the products that take the longest to degrade and some of the least, but here you can learn more about how long it takes for waste to degrade .
If you want to read more articles similar to How long does it take for metal to degrade , we recommend that you enter our Recycling and waste management category .
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