As battered as the planet may be, the entire globe teems with pure life on all four sides, but until now no map has reflected it so accurately. American researchers have just published maps on world biodiversity that mark a milestone of precision, with an accuracy up to 100 times greater than that achieved by previous work.
Far from being just a filigree in cartography, maps want to help save the planet, understood as everyone’s home. In fact, it is a very helpful tool to identify priority points for animal conservation around the world.
The reason for this project has a lot to do with the intention of its creators to achieve a better world. Specifically, the scientific team led by Clinton Jenkings, from the University of North Carolina, seeks not so much to admire with the profusion of details , but to promote the protection of endangered species.
Red and yellow colors
The identification of areas of biodiversity is essential to know how to use conservation resources efficiently, as explained in the publication of the study in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS).
Specifically, the warm colors (red and yellow) of the map indicate the areas with the richest animal diversity on the planet, very graphic data that actually accompany many others that this meticulous study on the distribution of species consists of.
As can be seen in the images, the tropics are richer, but the authors point out that the distribution of birds, mammals and amphibians follows different patterns. That is, we will find the greatest variety of amphibians in the western Amazon, but we will have to move to the Andes mountain range if we want to contemplate infinite types of birds. Or, for example, to Brazil to put on our boots counting different mammals.
In the study, data from 21,000 species of vertebrates have been handled and for the realization of the map surface data of 10 by 10 kilometers were used, 100 times more precise than previous studies. An immense effort to, as Jenkins says, “to know where each species lives, which ones are most vulnerable and where our actions can harm them. We have better data and analysis methods. Now we have put them together for conservation purposes .” Now, there are no excuses.
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