The administrations public should promote the use of sustainable transport systems, both in the field of commodities as the traveler. These efficient transport systems are the railway for people and goods and buses, for example.
In this AgroCorrn article we are going to talk in more detail about what sustainable transport is and give some examples of this type of transport, both for people and for goods.
- Sustainable passenger transport
- Sustainable freight transport
Sustainable passenger transport
Sustainable passenger transport is today the one that receives the least aid from public administrations. The administrations do not favor it at all in terms of the concession in the budgets and give more importance to the construction of roads , than to investment in public transport in general.
In spite of everything, the Spanish railway system has shown that with a certain level of investment, travelers can be gained. The clear commitment to commuter trains and the gradual introduction of high-speed services on some intercity routes has led to a considerable increase in railway users. This increase has occurred at the expense of the road and the plane, two of the most polluting transport systems that have the most damaging social and territorial effects. This gives an idea of the great possibilities of rail transport (and also, obviously, of buses and coaches) to favor a sustainable transport system.
Sustainable freight transport
As for the transport of goods , it has had to be the enormous congestion of European motorways that made the public authorities aware of the need to strengthen rail systems. It is worth mentioning two outstanding examples that have contributed to the sustainable transport of goods, such as the Channel Tunnel and the coordination of rail systems throughout Europe, since in their day they opened great possibilities for the growth of sustainable freight transport by railroad in relations outside our country.
It is worth mentioning an example of what was originally intended to be sustainable and has ended up being the opposite. The Rondas de Barcelona, as in many other cities , were presented in their day as the great solution to transport problems in the city, but over the years it has been possible to see how a weak transport infrastructure plan was carried out causing more problems if possible than they already had. The Rondas are collapsed for a good part of the day and the average speed of circulation in the center of Barcelona has decreased.
A sustainable transport project must be so from its planning phase prior to execution, until the end, since otherwise it only remains an ideal of sustainable transport , as is happening today in our country.
Today, our system of transport has two major drawbacks. First of all, it is a great energy eater. In our country, more than 40% of primary energy consumption is taken by the transport sector, ranking even above industrial and domestic consumption. Secondly, it is the pollution or diffuse social spending that it causes, since it causes harmful emissions of gases and particles into the atmosphere, the occupation in urban areas of a scarce and expensive good such as public land, accidents and noise.
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