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Wind is a meteorological phenomenon caused by the movements of rotation and translation of the earth. It occurs because the infrared or heat rays sent by the sun enter the atmosphere, collide with the earth and the waters and return again, pass through the atmosphere and heat it (insolation).

Sunstroke is different in different places, which means differences in atmospheric pressure and differences in air heating, which is why winds are produced. The wind acts as a transport agent, intervenes in anemophilic pollination, in the displacement of seeds. It is also an erosive agent.

You may also be interested in: Monsoons: what are they, types and consequences

Spanish regional winds

These are the Spanish regional winds:

  • The Cierzo that blows in the Ebro valley.
  • The Solano that sweeps in Castilla-La Mancha.
  • Gale blowing off the Cantabrian coast.
  • Tramontana that affects the Balearic Islands.
  • The Ábrego (from Africa) wind coming from the southwest, temperate, relatively humid that blows in Andalusia and in the Mesetas.
  • The Levante, the east wind that sweeps the coasts of Andalusia.
  • El Poniente, a west wind also from the coasts of Andalusia.


More winds in Spain according to the region

Tramontana (N): it is a cold and turbulent wind from the north with gusts of more than 100 km / h. When this wind blows, the sky is usually a deep blue color.

Gregal (NE): cold and dry wind with a northeast component characteristic of the Balearic Islands.

Levante (E): strong and warm wind coming from the east, typical of the Mediterranean coast.

Xaloc (SE): it is a warm and somewhat humid wind from the southeast.

Noon (S): south component wind.

Milk (SW): wind from the southwest, often accompanied by sand and fine suspended dust from the Sahara desert.

Poniente (W): cold wind from the west.

Mistral (NW): cold wind from the northwest. Common in the Gulf of León.

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