Jasmine, with the scientific name Jasminum, is a whole genus of about 200 species of climbing and shrub plants very popular in gardening and decoration due to the great beauty of its flowers, with an intense and pleasant aroma in some species. These are plants widely used to decorate walls or walls in all kinds of environments and it is worth learning how to cultivate it properly so that it always looks beautiful and healthy, thus being able to enjoy its smell.
One of the most important care of this plant is pruning, basic to make it grow in the desired and healthy way. If you want to learn when and how to prune jasmine , join us in this AgroCorrn article.
- When to prune a jasmine
- How to prune a jasmine – steps and types
- Basic jasmine care
When to prune a jasmine
When it comes to analyzing when it is better to prune jasmine, it is necessary to differentiate between its winter or summer types or varieties. The Jasminum officinale , one of the most common, is one of the jasmines summer , which should be pruned at the end of winter , when frost have passed and a short while to arrive more warm temperatures of spring. Thus, the growing season will allow pruning wounds to heal faster. It is also possible to prune after flowering, leaving two to three buds per stem, to stimulate growth the following season. If it is a winter jasmine , it will be necessary to prune it after its flowering, which usually occurs between March and April. in the northern hemisphere.
In addition to pruning to stimulate growth, as we have just explained, a young jasmine will need training pruning the first few years, in order to give it the desired structure. This must also be done in the periods of time specified above.
You can discover 9 types of jasmine in this other AgroCorrn post.
How to prune a jasmine – steps and types
In the pruning of this plant, the first thing is to see what type of jasmine we are going to prune. As always, be sure to properly sanitize all of your pruning tools before and after the process. With these points clear, follow these guidelines to prune a jasmine correctly :
How to prune a climbing jasmine
These jasmine can be one of the most difficult to prune initially, since their stems, which are often intertwined and close together, can make the basic approach very difficult.
- In this case, it is best to start from the bottom and look at one stem each time, individually.
- Prune the branches that are crossing too much with those that do interest you, and try to protect those that grow in the right direction.
- Keep in mind that sometimes it will be enough to untangle and orient them by hand instead of necessarily having to resort to cutting.
- Cut everything necessary, because if the jasmine has become unbalanced and needs a severe pruning to lighten its weight, this plant will hold it without problems.
How to prune a bush jasmine
Obviously, in bush-type jasmine, pruning is more important, since it will dictate the structure, size and shape that the plant will have even more clearly than in climbers.
- Cut the branches that grow completely horizontal.
- Cut all those that are born towards the interior of the plant.
- From each pair of parallel branches, leave only one. This seeks to allow more light to reach the plant and favors better ventilation, which will avoid fungal problems. For the rest, keep the shrub the size you consider appropriate for the space in which you have it.
How to prune a potted jasmine
Since jasmine is a high-growth plant, if you have potted jasmine indoors you will need to prune them more frequently to keep their size in check. Follow these tips:
- You can prune around a fifth of your new shoots each growing season, but always do so outside of your blooming season.
- In a pot, it is also important to prune its roots every time you transplant it, especially if you are not going to put it in a larger container.
- Finally, and regardless of the type of jasmine it is, maintenance pruning to remove leaves or branches in poor condition are always important, as well as the elimination of flowers or fruits that have already passed.
Basic jasmine care
These are the main care of jasmine so that it is in good condition:
- Climate: Jasmine can adapt to a fairly wide range of temperatures, but they do best in hot climates, and they rarely endure frost. Do not expose them to temperatures below 0 ºC.
- Watering: it is important not to over water this plant. Water about three times a week in moderate amounts in the warm months, and weekly in the cold months. In rainy season, you can stop watering. In addition, you can consult this other article on When to water the plants .
- Light: give it all the light you can, both indoors and outdoors, as it needs it to flourish and develop.
- Soil: it requires a loose soil or substrate with very good drainage, which you can improve by adding some sand. Enriching it with organic matter such as worm castings or compost will help the plant a lot, especially in its growth phase.
- Fertilizer: like many other species of flowering plants, it requires a good fertilizer when the flowers begin to develop. Use specific fertilizer, or enrich the soil with organic fertilizers rich in potassium and nitrogen.
If you want to read more articles similar to Pruning jasmine: when and how to do it , we recommend that you enter our category of Growing and caring for plants .
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