There are many environmental problems that the Chilean country presents; However, what pollutes the most in Chile? According to a survey carried out by the 2018 National Environment Survey  , the population notes that the two main problems that contribute to pollution in Chile are air pollution and poor solid waste management.
If you want to know what the main environmental problems in Chile are and their solutions, be sure to read this interesting article by AgroCorrn, which will also talk about socio-environmental problems in Chile.
The atmospheric air or contamination is one of the major environmental problems in Chile and continues to increase, particularly in industrial and urban areas. In addition, high emissions occur in the wood burning sectors, in power plants and in areas dedicated to smelting copper.
The promotion of the use of public transport and bicycles, the implementation of laws that oblige industries to control their emissions, aid plans for industries so that they can invest in more efficient machinery, construction of green areas and gardens in urban centers and reducing the use of fossil fuels are some of the measures that can be taken to reduce air pollution in the regions of Chile .
We recommend taking a look at these other AgroCorrn articles to learn more about this environmental problem:
Scarcity and contamination of water resources
The scarcity of water and its contamination occurs mainly in the north-central area of the country and, in addition, there is a large number of leaks in the water networks. On the other hand, the rainfall regime is altered by the effects of climate change and also, another reason for the scarcity of water, is the abuse of this resource for agricultural, livestock and industrial activities. Implementing water quality standards and regularization of its use can help protect this important resource.
You can learn more about these problems by reading these other posts about Water Scarcity: what it is, causes and consequences and the Causes and consequences of water pollution .
Soil degradation, loss and contamination
Part of the soils of Chile are degraded, that is, they have lost their physical-chemical properties and, as a consequence, they stop being productive since they are exhausted and impoverished. Some of the reasons that favor degradation are the exploitation of groundwater, extensive agriculture and livestock, intensive logging, the construction of urban centers or forest fires. There are also losses due to the processes of desertification and erosion and many of them present pollutants, coming from industrial, agricultural and livestock activities, without leaving behind the illegal deposition of waste by human beings. Instruments for environmental management, spatial planning, and pollutant concentration levels must be established through laws.
The population is exposed to dangerous noise levels , having detrimental effects not only on human health, but on all animals and other living beings that inhabit the planet. According to experts, high noise levels can disturb the vital patterns of a species, such as reproduction patterns. Noise, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), occurs when it exceeds 65 (dB). The main causes of noise pollution are air traffic, automobile, construction sites, and nightlife and restaurants. The solution for reducing noise must be established by laws, in addition to investment in new less noisy technologies and in electric or hybrid means of transport.
Learn more about what noise pollution is and how it affects us here.
Solid waste management
We continue commenting on what problems affect the environment in Chile and we stop to talk about one of those that most concerns the population, as it is very notable and serious. The increase in population and the “use and throw away” life model of products mean that the generation of waste is increasing. The problem is aggravated when all the waste generated is not well managed and ends up being deposited in landfills. In Chile approximately more than 95% of solid waste is deposited in landfills, that is to say, they are not managed to give them another use or to recycle them. The circular economy based on recycling, reduction and reuse activities is the main tool to reduce waste generation. Ecodesign is another alternative, as it focuses on the design of sustainable packaging. As well as the prohibition of planned obsolescence and the implementation of waste management systems.
The biological diversity of Chile suffers severe pressure and some of the reasons are the fragmentation and loss of ecosystems by human activities, also illegal hunting and trafficking of species contribute to biodiversity loss of a place. Chile’s ecoregions are at dangerous levels of conservation in terms of biodiversity and, in addition, fishery resources have suffered a great decrease. However, the state of native forests and marine ecosystems is not well known.
To protect biodiversity , protected natural areas must be created and the state of conservation of both the ecosystems and the species that inhabit them must be known, thus being able to assess the state of both.
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